In episode 255 of the podcast astrologers Chris Brennan and Benjamin Dykes unveil a new discovery about the origins of the exaltations, derived from a lost Hermetic text preserved by Abu Ma’shar.
Last summer Keiji Yamamoto and Charles Burnett released their long-awaited translation of The Great Introduction to Astrology by the 9th century astrologer Abu Ma’shar. This was the first time this text has been translated into English in its entirety.
I received my copy on July 30, 2019, and the most interesting thing I found was that Abu Ma’shar frequently cites a lost Greek text attributed to Hermes Trismegistus. This appears to be the same text called the Panaretos that the 4th century astrologer Paulus Alexandrinus drew on for his treatment of seven planetary Lots, although Abu Ma’shar shares much more from the text than Paulus did.
The most interesting pieces of the Hermes material preserved by Abu Ma’shar is that it contains a set of rationales for the domicile and exaltation schemes that are unique, and it seems to preserve what may be the original conceptual rationales for both of those schemes.
The exaltations chapter in particular provides a much more detailed explanation for the exaltations than any I’ve ever seen, and it is also unique because it provides an astronomical rationale for the exaltations degrees, not just the signs of exaltation and fall.
I first talked about this discovery in episode 26 of the Casual Astrology Podcast, which was released on September 18, 2019. I urged Ben to look into it to help confirm the discovery, and over the past several months he worked on his own translation of Abu Ma’shar from the Arabic, which he finished and shared with me on May 8, 2020.
Ben was able to confirm that most of the math for the exaltation degrees seems to work out, and so with that confirmation we decided to record this episode to present this discovery and talk about it on May 13, 2020 around 5:15 PM MT.
We begin the episode by providing some background information on the text, and then eventually transition into a summary of the arguments presented by the text for how to derive the exaltations of the planets and their degrees.
Interestingly, the arguments for the domiciles and exaltations presented by this text are firmly rooted in the tropical zodiac, and this raises some major questions about previous assumptions that the exaltations had their origins in the sideral zodiac and the earlier Mesopotamian tradition.
The discovery also raises questions about the extent to which Hellenistic astrology, and western astrology in general, partially represents a sudden invention or technical construct that was put together sometime around the 1st century BCE.
This is kind of visually intensive episode, and our friend Paula Belluomini made a number of diagrams to help illustrate the concepts, so I would recommend watching the video version of the episode if you can.
Ben plans to publish his translation of the Great Introduction by Abu Ma’shar sometime in the next few months, and you can signup for the email list on his website to receive a notification when that is released:
This episode is available in both audio and video versions below.
Here are some timestamps for topics covered at different points in the episode:
00:01:50 New Abu Ma’shar translation
00:15:24 Domiciles and Exaltations math
00:17:50 Planetary joys, thema mundi
00:21:05 Exaltation locations
00:24:45 Exaltation degrees
00:28:00 Origins of exalations
00:29:54 Exaltations, Sect, and Aspects
00:33:00 Hermetica mandela
00:39:26 Dendera zodiac and exaltations
00:42:50 Tropical Rationale
00:48:00 Chapter V.7: reason for exaltations
00:52:00 Increase/decrease in light paradigm
00:54:03 Sun in Aries exaltation
00:55:14 Moon in Taurus exaltation
00:57:37 Saturn in Libra exaltation
00:59:50 Mars in Capricorn exaltation
01:00:20 Jupiter in Cancer exaltation
01:01:35 Angular houses in thema mundi
01:03:00 The excellent places
01:03:51 Death in the 7th house
01:06:34 Venus in Pisces exaltation
01:10:45 Qualities of signs and planets
01:13:34 Mercury in Virgo exaltation
01:21:05 Diagram of brightness of planets
01:23:27 Rationale for degrees of exaltations
01:55:45 Exaltations of the nodes
02:02:27 Additional exaltation commentary
02:19:20 Is the rationale conclusive?
02:26:09 Concluding remarks
02:28:57 Benjamin’s course
Watch the Video Version of This Episode on the Exaltations
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A full transcript of this episode is available: Episode 255 transcript
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